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stockholm convention dirty dozen

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are environmental chemicals that persist in the environment for long periods of time. Recently, another 9 classes of POPs (i.e., “the Nasty Nine”) were identified for elimination. The treaty was signed in 2001 and took effect in 2004.. The Stockholm Convention aimed to control the production of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) – hazardous chemicals that last long in the environment, and increase in concentration in the food chain. At its fourth meeting in May 2009, nine additional POPs were added to the Stockholm Convention. The Convention entered into force on 17 May 2004, ninety (90) days after submission of the fi ftieth instrument of ratifi cation, acceptance, approval or … Adopted in 2001 by 91 countries including the Philippines and having entered into force in 2004, the Stockholm Convention enjoins states to take measures to eliminate or reduce the release of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) into the environment in order to protect human health and the environment. The dirty dozen. This international agreement would restrict the use of 12 dangerous chemicals -- POPs, as they are known, or the Dirty Dozen. The 12 toxic chemicals banned by the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants are: Aldrin. Yet the use of DDT is allowed under the Convention under certain circumstances. The Stockholm Convention is a global treaty ratified by the international community and led by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) that calls for the elimination and/or phasing out of 12 POPs, called the "dirty dozen" . INTRODUCTION. The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants was adopted at a Conference of Plenipotentiaries on 22 May 2001 in Stockholm, Sweden. Under the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, DDT is listed as one of the "Dirty Dozen." The UN, under the Stockholm Convention, has regulated many of these POPs. The 12 POPs initially targeted, referred to as the ‘dirty dozen,’ are: aldrin, chlordane, DDT, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, mirex, toxaphene, PCB, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, and polychlorinated dibenzofurans. Secretary Powell and Administrator Whitman and I are pleased to make an announcement on the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. A pesticide used … The Stockholm Convention originally identified 12 POPs (i.e., “the Dirty Dozen”) for elimination globally, and 185 countries have ratified this agreement. a)What are the circumstances under which it can be used and why? However, because of their long half-lives, human exposure persists for decades even after production has been stopped. The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe’s (UNECE) Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (commonly known as the Aarhus Protocol) was adopted in 1998. Nicknamed the Dirty Dozen, the 12 POPs originally identified by the Stockholm Convention include pesticides, insecticides, refrigerants, and other toxic chemicals. This was closely followed in 2001, by the adoption of the Stockholm Convention which identified the initial 12 POPs (dirty dozen). 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